Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
What Is ADHD?
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder -- also referred to ADD or ADHD -- is a biological, brain based condition that is characterized by poor attention and distractibility and/or hyperactive and impulsive behaviors.
It is one of the most common mental disorders that develop in children. Symptoms may continue into adolescence and adulthood. If left untreated, ADHD can lead to poor school/work performance, poor social relationships and a general feeling of low self esteem. The most prevalent symptoms of ADHD are inattention and distractibility and/or hyperactive and impulsive behaviors.
Difficulties with concentration, mental focus, and inhibition of impulses and behaviors are chronic and pervasive and impair an individual’s daily functioning across various settings -- home, school or work, in relationships, etc.
The exact cause of ADHD has not been determined, however the condition is thought to have a genetic and biological component. Many research studies currently focus on identifying which genes, or combination of genes, may cause a person to be more susceptible to ADHD. Physical differences in parts of the brain are also thought to be linked to ADHD.
There is no "cure" for ADHD, however, many treatment approaches may alleviate or significantly decrease ADHD Symptoms. As a result, improvements are evident in school/work performance, relationships with others improve, and self esteem increases. No single treatment works for every individual.
Treatment options should be explored with a health care provider who will consider the patient's needs, and family, medical, and personal history.
Some people respond well to medications, some to behavioural interventions, many respond to a combination of the two. Counseling, education, and support services are often helpful.
If your child shows signs of extreme hyper active behaviour, consult your doctor who can point you in the right direction.
However,Physical Therapist offer help for children with ADHD and the Children Development Centre can also assist you. You should also look at schools that may offer special needs assistance.
The world's top swimmer Michael Phelps was diagnosed with ADHD. Sports may also offer a great deal of help for your child with ADHD.